Anuario de Estudios Medievales, Vol 42, No 1 (2012)

El carácter del liderazgo rabínico en la generación de la expulsión


https://doi.org/10.3989/aem.2012.42.1.05

Marc Saperstein
Leo Baeck College - King’s College, London, Reino Unido

Resumen


Algunos historiadores judíos han criticado duramente los líderes espirituales e intelectuales de los sefardíes en los años previos a la expulsión de 1492, como pone de manifiesto Norman Roth en una publicación de 1995: “Una característica importante de los sefardíes del siglo XV fue la falta casi total de liderazgo”. Con el fi n de cuestionar algunos de los presupuestos subyacentes, este artículo pone en tela de juicio algunas de las asunciones fundamentales de esta afirmación, especialmente en lo que respecta al supuesto fracaso de esos líderes en prever y prevenir la expulsión, y a la acusación de mediocridad intelectual en los ámbitos de la ley, la filosofía y la cábala judías. Después de un breve acercamiento al líder judío más conocido de esa generación, Don Isaac Abravanel, sobre quien ya se ha escrito mucho, la segunda parte del artículo se centra en el rabí Isaac Aboab, basándose sobre todo en sus sermones, muchos de los cuales proceden de manuscritos todavía sin publicar.

Palabras clave


Aboab; Abravanel; conversos; disputas; expulsión; inquisición; cábala; martirio; Netanyahu; filosofía; responsa; Seneor; sermones; silogismo; sefardíes

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